ICAO 2013 Environmental Report - page 145

icao environmental report
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) represents
240 airlines that carry over 84% of global air traffic. In
June 2013, IATA overwhelmingly endorsed a resolution on
the “Implementation of the Aviation Carbon-Neutral Growth
(CNG2020) Strategy”. Member airlines agreed that a single
global mandatory carbon offsetting scheme would be the
simplest and most effective option for an MBM designed
to address climate change.
The resolution provides governments with a set of principles
on how they could establish procedures for the development
and implementation of a single market-based measure
that is integrated into an overall package of measures to
achieve CNG2020. The intention of such an MBM would be
to deliver real emissions reductions, not revenue generation
for governments. The agreed principles apply to emissions
growth post-2020.
The sector has already agreed on global targets for
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as follow:
• Improving fuel efficiency by 1.5% annually to 2020;
• Capping net emissions from 2020 onward;
• Cutting emissions in half by 2050, compared to 2005.
Aviation was the first sector to agree on a global strategy
to achieve climate change goals. An MBM is one of the
four pillars of the aviation industry’s united strategy on
climate change. The three remaining pillars, improvements
in technology, operations, and infrastructure will deliver the
long-term solutions for aviation’s sustainability.
A summary of the main principles of the resolution follows:
• Setting the industry and individual carrier baselines,
using the average annual total emissions over the
period 2018–2020.
• Agreeing to provisions and/or adjustments for:
- Early movers-benchmarked between 2005–2020
with a sunset by 2025;
- New market entrants for their initial years
of operation;
- Fast growing carriers.
• Adopting an equitable balance for determining
individual carrier responsibilities that consider:
- An “emissions share” element (reflecting the carrier’s
share of total industry emissions);
- A post-2020 “growth” element (reflecting the
carrier’s growth above baseline emissions).
• Reporting and verification of carbon emissions that are:
- Based on a global standard to be developed by ICAO;
- Simple and scalable, based on the size and
complexity of the operator.
• Instituting a periodic CNG2020 performance review
cycle that revises individual elements and parameters
as appropriate.
market-based measures
IATA Agreement on Carbon Neutral Growth
International Air Transport Association
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