ICAO 2013 Environmental Report - page 159

159
chapter 5
State Action Plans To Reduce Aviation CO
2
Emissions
icao environmental report
2013
development. Improving environmental performance will promote
the sustainable growth of international civil aviation, while ensuring
consistency with any overarching CO
2
emissions limitation or
reduction efforts already being undertaken by the State.
In addition, action plans give ICAO Member States the ability
to: establish partnerships; promote cooperation and capacity
building; facilitate technology transfer; and provide assistance.
A key aspect of successfully developing and implementing an
action plan is the degree and nature of collaboration among
different stakeholders within a State. These can include, among
others, aviation and environmental authorities, airlines and airports,
air navigation service providers, statistical departments and fuel
providers. Collecting information from these stakeholders and
consolidating this input into an action plan ensures that the
development of the plan is based on a cooperative process and
that the measures contained therein are accurate, comprehensive,
and feasible to implement.
Basket of Measures
A wide variety of possible measures can be taken by States, air
carriers, airport authorities and air navigation service providers
to reduce emissions from civil aviation.
Through their action plans, States outline the various policies
and activities that they have selected from a “basket of
measures” in their jurisdiction to limit or reduce CO
2
emissions
from international aviation (see
Figure 2
). This “basket” contains
measures such as:
• aircraft-related technology development;
• alternative fuels;
• improved air traffic management and infrastructure use;
• more efficient operations;
• economic or market-based measures; and
• regulatory measures.
Figure 2
depicts the distribution of the six categories of
measures addressed in State Action Plans. The remainder of
this article discusses and elaborates on each of these common
emission reduction measures.
Action plans allow States to showcase the specific
voluntary measures they intend to undertake to improve
fuel efficiency and/or reduce their carbon footprint, thereby
contributing to the global environmental aspirational goals
established by the 37
th
ICAO Assembly.
Example of Cooperation and Engagement of
All Stakeholders – Korea Action Plan
“Korea established an aviation climate change response
group that involved all of the stakeholders from the aviation
sector: government; airlines; airport operators; air traffic
control authorities; and research institutes.
Part of this group’s role was to review the government’s
research on effective international aviation climate response.
Based on the group’s recommendations, voluntary GHG
reduction agreements between the government and airlines
were signed in 2010, and are currently being implemented.
The collaborative efforts undertaken by all stakeholders
resulted in the establishment of the aviation GHG database,
dubbed the National Aviation Resource Management
Information System, which plays an important role in
relevant research and policy-making in the country.”
Share of Global International RTK
Measures
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Alternative fuels
Aircraft technology
Improved ATM and
infrastructure use
Market-based measures
More efficient operations
Regulatory measures
Figure 2:
Measures Selected by States
in the Action Plan Submitted to ICAO.
Figure 3:
ICAO Regional Hands-on Training Workshop
for States' Action Plans on CO
2
Emissions Reduction
Activities, Bangkok, Thailand, 25 to 27 May 2011.
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