ICAO 2013 Environmental Report - page 161

icao environmental report
2013
Improved Air Traffic Management
and Infrastructure Use
ICAO has a strategy to improve the use of communication,
navigation and surveillance/air traffic management (CNS/ATM)
systems. A main objective of the strategy is to improve the
efficiency of air traffic management which will lead to reductions in
fuel burn and emissions. Problems associated with the provision
of air navigation services using conventional CNS systems
European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath –
United Kingdom Action Plan
“In March 2011, the European Commission published a
White Paper on transport. In the context of an overall goal
of achieving a reduction of at least 60% in greenhouse gas
emissions from transport by 2050 with respect to 1990, The
White Paper established a goal of low-carbon sustainable
fuels in aviation reaching 40% by 2050.
As a first step towards delivering this goal, in June, the
European Commission, in close coordination with Airbus,
leading European airlines (Lufthansa, Air France/KLM,
& British Airways) and key European biofuel producers
(Choren Industries, Neste Oil, Biomass Technology Group
and UOP), launched the European Advanced Biofuels
Flightpath. This industry-wide initiative aims to speed up
the commercialisation of aviation biofuels in Europe, with the
objective of achieving the commercialisation of sustainably
produced paraffinic biofuels in the aviation sector by reaching
a two million tons consumption by 2020.”
For more information on the UK Action Plan, please visit:
include airspace fragmentation and lack of homogeneity, as
well as inefficient routing and ATM planning. These issues could
potentially result in congestion and related fuel-burn penalties.
In the process of developing national and regional plans for
the implementation of CNS/ATM systems, most States have
conducted research, studies, and analyses to select what they
believe to be the most effective system(s) components which
will offer benefits when implemented. However, environmental
benefits such as emissions reduction potential, may not have
been included in such analyses. In these cases, a complementary
analysis may be needed to cover the estimation of environmental
benefits from more direct routing, reduced congestion, and
improved response to airspace user operational preferences.
Such analyses would also account for the impact of more efficient
air traffic management, ground operations, terminal operations
(departure, approach and arrival), en route operations, airspace
design and usage, and aircraft equipment and capabilities. These
are all documented in detail in various ICAO Manuals:
Air Traffic
Services Planning Manual
(Doc 9426),
Manual on Airspace
Planning Methodology for the Determination of Separation Minima
(Doc 9689),
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Manual
(Doc 9849),
Global Air Navigation Plan
(Doc 9750),
Performance-
based Navigation Manual
(Doc 9613),
Global Air Traffic Management
Operational Concept
(Doc 9854),
Manual on Global Performance
of the Air Navigation System
(Doc 9883) and
Manual on Air Traffic
Management System Requirements
(Doc 9882).
Airport infrastructure measures related to reducing aircraft
emissions at airports include: improving the efficient use and
planning of airport capacities; installation and use of terminal
support facilities (such as fixed electrical ground power and
pre-conditioned air) to reduce aircraft APU usage; and the
construction of additional taxiways and runways to provide
Figure 5:
ICAO Regional Hands-on Training Workshop
for States’ Action Plans on CO
2
Emissions Reduction
Activities, ICAO Headquarter, Montreal, Canada,
21 to 23 November 2011.
Figure 4:
ICAO Regional Hands-on Training Workshop
for States’ Action Plans on CO
2
Emissions Reduction
Activities, ICAO European and North Atlantic Office,
Paris, France, 11 to 13 July 2011.
161
chapter 5
State Action Plans To Reduce Aviation CO
2
Emissions
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