ICAO 2013 Environmental Report - page 169

chapter 6
assistance and financing
icao environmental report
Recognizing the urgent need to address the impact of
international aviation on climate change and acknowledging
that to do so effectively will necessitate undertaking
meaningful mitigation actions, the European Commission
is also engaged in potential support for measures to
address CO
emissions and established the following key
areas as financing priorities: supporting the preparation
or further elaboration of States' action plans; assisting
the improvement of CO
environmental system tools and
processes for compiling national inventories in the aviation
sector; and financing country-specific pilot measures to
reduce aviation fuel consumption and to improve airspace
usage. (see article
The EU As A Partner for Low Carbon
Development – Prospects For the Aviation Sector
, Chapter 6
in this report).
In addition, the ICAO Technical Cooperation Bureau
(ICAO–TCB) is reinforcing the wide-ranging series of
concrete programmes and measures that ICAO has
been pursuing to help its Member States mitigate their
international aviation carbon emissions. ICAO–TCB is
involved in offering technical support to States to develop
and implement their action plans.
For example, a large-scale environmental measures project
to implement the measures identified in the Indonesian State
Action Plan is currently underway, involving the government
of Indonesia and ICAO–TCB. This initiative reflects the
determination of Indonesia to meaningfully address the
environmental performance of its air transport sector, over
both the near- and longer-term, while also supporting recent
presidential decrees on greenhouse gas emissions.
ICAO–TCB is working directly on the new project with the
Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) of Indonesia.
The agreed objectives include a master plan for legislative
improvements on emissions including Green Flights and
Green Airports operational programmes, more efficient
airspace design utilizing performance-based navigation
guidelines, advice on appropriate market-based measures,
as well as initiatives relating to alternative fuels, and the
development of a comprehensive emissions inventory
(see article
State Action Plans To Reduce Aviation
, Chapter 5 in this report).
Financing − Next Steps
ICAO will continue to assist States in developing and
improving the action plans which have already been
submitted. ICAO is also collaborating with Member States
that have requested assistance in implementing measures
to reduce CO
emissions from international aviation
operations (see article
State Action Plans To Reduce Aviation
, Chapter 5 in this report), and will continue
to explore concrete processes and mechanisms for the
provision of such assistance.
A series of articles in this chapter cover examples and
possibilities for climate financing, through various sources,
to assist States in the development and implementation of
their action plans.
1 Climate Investment Funds (CIF)
was established
in 2008 by several multilateral development banks.
The CIF has balanced and equitable governance with
equal representation from developed and developing
countries. (
2 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
a developed country with an emission-reduction or
emission-limitation commitment under the Kyoto
Protocol to implement an emission-reduction project in
developing countries. Such projects can earn saleable
certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each
equivalent to one tonne of CO
, which can be counted
towards meeting Kyoto targets. (cdm.unfccc.int)
Figure 1:
Opening Session by Dr. Kandeh K. Yumkella,
Director-General of the United Nations Industrial
Development Organisation (UNIDO), ICAO “Assistance for
Action – Aviation and Climate Change” (ACLI) Seminar,
Montreal, Canada, 23 to 24 October 2012.
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