ICAO 2013 Environmental Report - page 203

203
chapter 8
partnerships and cooperation with other organizations
icao environmental report
2013
Doha Climate Gateway
The most recent climate conference was held in Doha,
Qatar, where Parties concluded the work of both AWG-LCA
and AWG-KP and adopted a series of decisions, referred
to as the “Doha Climate Gateway”, which include:
• Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol. The eight-year
second commitment period from 2013 to 2020; review of
commitments by Annex I Parties by 2014; and continuation
of flexible mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol.
• Extension of the work programme on long-term climate
finance for one year by the end of 2013 to further analyse
options for the mobilization of US$ 100 billion per year
by 2020 from a wide variety of potential sources.
• An elaborated work plan for the ADP process, which
covers: the elements of a negotiating text to be available
by December 2014; the negotiation text to be available
prior to May 2015; and a legally-binding agreement on
climate change to be adopted at the Paris conference
in December 2015 for implementation from 2020.
• The final outcome of the AWG-LCA does not contains
decision text in on matters related to international aviation
and maritime transport.
ICAO and the UNFCCC process
Since the last Assembly, ICAO has continued to provide the
conferences under the UNFCCC with regular statements
1
on
recent ICAO developments related to international aviation
and climate change. During these negotiations several
Parties expressed support for further work to be undertaken
by ICAO and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to
address GHG emissions from the international aviation and
maritime sectors, respectively. Other Parties suggested that
the work of ICAO and IMO should be guided by the principle
of common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) under
the UNFCCC. Divergent views were expressed, including
the need for a general framework that could commonly be
applied to international transport (aviation and maritime)
and other sectors, as well as the appropriateness and need
for the UNFCCC to give specific guidance to the work of
ICAO and IMO.
With respect to “long-term climate finance”, some Parties
expressed concern about the options proposed by other
Parties for using the international aviation and maritime
sectors as one of the sources for mobilizing US$ 100
billion per year by 2020. However, it should be highlighted
that ICAO's global aspirational goals for the international
aviation sector will require adequate financial resources
within the sector itself, enabling it to effectively respond
to the global climate change challenge. Some studies of
climate change finance have suggested international aviation
as a source of funding at levels that are disproportionate
to the sector's contribution to global emissions. Such an
approach would limit the ability of the sector to address
its own emissions, and in addition, could have an adverse
effect on demand, thereby reducing the economic benefits
that aviation delivers.
Several Parties identified further progress of work under
ICAO and IMO as one of the international cooperative
initiatives for increasing the level of ambition. ICAO and its
Member States need to closely follow up if, and how, the
issues related to international aviation would be undertaken
in the ADP process. The next major UNFCCC conference will
be held from 11 to 22 November 2013 in Warsaw, Poland.
Reference
1
ICAO statements to UNFCCC are available at:
/
environmental-protection/Pages/statements.aspx
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